HELLO THERE  ONLINE FAMILY so today we will be talking more about the heart.this is part of our online health education and a topic we discussed in the school.before we get to it id like to add that its in this school that we had most of the students take notes and its here that we got the most number of voluntary health ambassadors.

Onto it now- Risk factors

Everybody has some risk of developing small fatty lumps called atheroma. However, certain risk factors increase the risk. Risk factors include:

Lifestyle risk factors that can be prevented or changed:

  • Smoking.
  • Lack of physical activity.
  • Obesity.
  • An unhealthy diet and eating too much salt.
  • Excess alcohol.
  • Treatable or partly treatable risk factors:
  • High blood pressure (hypertension).
  • High cholesterol blood level.
  • High fat (triglyceride) blood level.
  • Diabetes.
  • Kidney diseases causing diminished kidney function.

Fixed risk factors – ones that you cannot alter:

  • A strong family history. This means if you have a father or brother who developed heart disease or a stroke before they were 55; or, if you have a mother or sister who developed heart disease or a stroke before they were 65.
  • Being male.
  • Severe baldness in men at the top of the head.
  • An early menopause in women.
  • Age. The older you become, the more likely you are to develop atheroma.
  • Ethnic group. For example, people who live in the UK with ancestry from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, or Sri Lanka have an increased risk.

However, if you have a fixed risk factor, you may want to make extra effort to tackle any lifestyle risk factors that can be changed.

Note: some risk factors are more risky than others. For example, smoking probably causes a greater risk to health than obesity does. Also, risk factors interact. So, if you have two or more risk factors, your health risk is much more increased than if you just have one. For example, an Oxford study found that men aged 50 who smoke, have high cholesterol and have high blood pressure (hypertension), die, on average, 10 years earlier than men who do not have these risk factors.

Research is looking at some other factors that may be risk factors. For example, stress, socio-economic status, high blood levels of fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, apolipoprotein B, and homocysteine are being investigated as possible risk factors


Here are a few more pictures from the event

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REMEMBER-if you want to support Stowelink Inc and our various projects, if you want collaborations with us or if you want to reach us you can reach us directly through the following contact addresses.

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Published by Stephen Ogweno

a global health practitioner, NCD advocate and mHealth Innovator

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