SUMMARY OF JANUARY
INTRODUCTION TO NCDS
Week 1- What is NCDS
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDS), also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.The main types of NCDS are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
Week 2 – Introduction to cancers
Cancer is a large group of diseases that can start in almost any organ or tissue of the body when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably, go beyond their usual boundaries to invade adjoining parts of the body and/or spread to other organs. The latter process is called metastasizing and is a major cause of death from cancer. A neoplasm and malignant tumour are other common names for cancer.
Week 3- Introduction to diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
Week 4- introduction to COPD and Asthma
A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe.Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the most common conditions that make up COPD. Damage to the lungs from COPD can’t be reversed.The most common symptoms of COPD are breathlessness, or a ‘need for air’, excessive sputum production, and a chronic cough.
DAY 30 OF 365
IMPORTANT STATISTICS FOR JANUARY
Week 1- NCDS
-Noncommunicable diseases (NCDS) kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally.
-Each year, 15 million people die from a NCD between the ages of 30 and 69 years; -over 85% of these “premature” deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
-Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, accounting for an estimated 9.6 million deaths, or one in six deaths, in 2018.
-Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Week 3- DIABETES
-The number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014.
-The global prevalence of diabetes* among adults over 18 years of age has risen from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014 – In 2016, an estimated 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Another 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose in 2012
Week 4- COPD
According to the latest WHO estimates (2004), currently 64 million people have COPD and 3 million people died of COPD. WHO predicts that COPD will become the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030.
DAY 31 OF 365 KEY TAKE AWAYS FOR JANUARY
Week 1 – Intro to NCDS
We can BEAT NCDS! Many NCDS can be prevented by addressing diet, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol use and making the places we live in health promoting.
Week 2- CANCER
We can prevent CANCER. Don’t use tobacco. Using any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. Eat a healthy diet. Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active. Protect yourself from the sun. Get vaccinated. Avoid risky behaviors. Get regular medical care.
Week 3 – DIABETES
Diabetes prevention is in your hands.
Diabetes prevention is as basic as eating more healthfully, becoming more physically active and losing a few extra pounds. It’s never too late to start.
week 4- COPD
The best way to prevent COPD is to not start smoking or to quit smoking. Also, try to avoid lung irritants that can contribute to COPD, such as air pollution, chemical fumes, dusts, and secondhand smoke, which is smoke in the air from other people smoking.
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